Once children are six years old in Germany, they are obliged to attend primary and secondary education. School attendance is compulsory in Germany and most of the schools are the state ones and not-chargeable for your children.
Elementary education is provided free of charge in public schools across Germany, begins at the age of six and usually covers the first four grades. Studies are focused mainly in general subjects (German, mathematics, social studies, physical education, technology, music, and religion or ethics). English classes begin after 3rd grade, nonetheless there are some states that include English at the earlier stage at grade 1.
Germany’s secondary school system is complex and consists of 4 main schools:
Haupt- and Realschule programs generally prepare for vocational upper-secondary education of transfer into the Gymnasium - the main institution in the university-preparatory track. These schools are designed to ensure “maturity” or readiness for higher education and students are expected to learn more independently. Another distinguished feature of the Gymnasium is an elective second foreign language (French, Spanish, or Latin, Chinese etc.)